Hidden variation in polyploid wheat drives local adaptation

Wheat has been domesticated into a large number of agricultural environments and has a remarkable ability to adapt to diverse environments. To understand this process, we survey genotype, repeat content and DNA methylation across a bread wheat landrace collection representing global genetic diversity. We identify independent variation in methylation, genotype and transposon copy number. We show that these, so far unexploited, sources of variation have had a massive impact on the wheat genome and that ancestral methylation states become preferentially ‘hard coded’ as SNPs via 5-methylcytosine deamination. These mechanisms also drive local adaption, impacting important traits such as heading date and salt tolerance. Methylation and transposon diversity could therefore be used alongside single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) based markers for breeding.

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Article License Type cc-by
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Citation Report https://scite.ai/reports/10.1101/gr.233551.11710.1101/217828.
DOI 10.1101/gr.233551.117,10.1101/217828
Date Last Updated 2019-06-19T17:49:39.000996
Evidence open (via page says license)
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Journal Is Open Access false
Open Access Status hybrid
PDF URL http://genome.cshlp.org/content/28/9/1319.full.pdf
Publisher URL https://doi.org/10.1101/gr.233551.117