Plant genetic resources for food and agriculture: opportunities and challenges emerging from the science and information technology revolution

Over the last decade, there has been an ongoing revolution in the exploration, manipulation and synthesis of biological systems, through the development of new technologies that generate, analyse and exploit big data. Users of Plant Genetic Resources (PGR) can potentially leverage these capacities to significantly increase the efficiency and effectiveness of their efforts to conserve, discover and utilise novel qualities in PGR, and help achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). This review advances the discussion on these emerging opportunities and discusses how taking advantage of them will require data integration and synthesis across disciplinary, organisational and international boundaries, and the formation of multi‐disciplinary, international partnerships. We explore some of the institutional and policy challenges that these efforts will face, particularly how these new technologies may influence the structure and role of research for sustainable development, ownership of resources, and access and benefit sharing. We discuss potential responses to political and institutional challenges, ranging from options for enhanced structure and governance of research discovery platforms to internationally brokered benefit‐sharing agreements, and identify a set of broad principles that could guide the global community as it seeks or considers solutions.

Data and Resources

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Field Value
Author Halewood, Michael
Last Updated November 20, 2019, 16:43 (UTC)
Created August 1, 2019, 10:29 (UTC)
Article Host Type publisher
Article Is Open Access true
Article License Type
Article Version Type publishedVersion
Citation Report https://scite.ai/reports/10.1111/nph.14993
DOI 10.1111/nph.14993
Date Last Updated 2019-05-22T08:14:47.749911
Evidence open (via free pdf)
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Journal Is Open Access false
Open Access Status bronze
PDF URL https://nph.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdf/10.1111/nph.14993
Publisher URL https://doi.org/10.1111/nph.14993